Basic Hamburger Toggle Menu With CSS And Vanilla JavaScript

Category: Javascript , Menu & Navigation | October 7, 2018
Author: mranenko
Views Total: 4,213
Official Page: Go to website
Last Update: October 7, 2018
License: MIT

Preview:

Basic Hamburger Toggle Menu With CSS And Vanilla JavaScript

Description:

A pure JavaScript/CSS based hamburger navigation that allows you to toggle an off-screen sidebar menu when you click on the hamburger trigger.

How to use it:

Create the sidebar menu and hamburger menu trigger in the webpage.

<div class="nav-toggle">
  <div class="nav-toggle-bar"></div>
</div>
<nav class="nav">
  <ul>
    <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">Portfolio</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">About</a></li>
    <li><a href="#">Contact</a></li>
  </ul>
</nav>

Style the sidebar menu in the CSS.

.nav {
  -webkit-transition: left 0.5s ease;
  -moz-transition: left 0.5s ease;
  -ms-transition: left 0.5s ease;
  -o-transition: left 0.5s ease;
  transition: left 0.5s ease;
  background: #28dde0;
  color: white;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-size: 2rem;
  height: 100vh;
  left: -20rem;
  padding: 6rem 2rem 2rem 2rem;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  width: 20rem;
  z-index: 1;
}

.nav.expanded { left: 0; }

.nav ul {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translateY(-50%);
  -ms-transform: translateY(-50%);
  transform: translateY(-50%);
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

Style & animate the hamburger trigger when the menu is opened and closed.

.nav-toggle {
  -webkit-user-select: none;
  -moz-user-select: none;
  user-select: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  height: 2rem;
  left: 2rem;
  position: fixed;
  top: 2rem;
  width: 3.6rem;
  z-index: 2;
}

.nav-toggle:hover { opacity: 0.8; }

.nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar,  .nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar::after,  .nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar::before {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translateY(-50%);
  -ms-transform: translateY(-50%);
  transform: translateY(-50%);
  -webkit-transition: all 0.5s ease;
  -moz-transition: all 0.5s ease;
  -ms-transition: all 0.5s ease;
  -o-transition: all 0.5s ease;
  transition: all 0.5s ease;
  background: white;
  content: '';
  height: 0.4rem;
  width: 100%;
}

.nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar { margin-top: 0; }

.nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar::after { margin-top: 0.8rem; }

.nav-toggle .nav-toggle-bar::before { margin-top: -0.8rem; }

.nav-toggle.expanded .nav-toggle-bar { background: transparent; }

.nav-toggle.expanded .nav-toggle-bar::after, .nav-toggle.expanded .nav-toggle-bar::before {
  background: white;
  margin-top: 0;
}

.nav-toggle.expanded .nav-toggle-bar::after {
  -ms-transform: rotate(45deg);
  -webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);
  transform: rotate(45deg);
}

.nav-toggle.expanded .nav-toggle-bar::before {
  -ms-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  -webkit-transform: rotate(-45deg);
  transform: rotate(-45deg);
}

The JavaScript to toggle the CSS classes when the menu is opened and closed.

(function() {

  var hamburger = {
    navToggle: document.querySelector('.nav-toggle'),
    nav: document.querySelector('nav'),

    doToggle: function(e) {
      e.preventDefault();
      this.navToggle.classList.toggle('expanded');
      this.nav.classList.toggle('expanded');
    }
  };

  hamburger.navToggle.addEventListener('click', function(e) { hamburger.doToggle(e); });
  hamburger.nav.addEventListener('click', function(e) { hamburger.doToggle(e); });

}());

Changelog:

10/07/2018

  • Fix for external links functionality

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